The sports nutrition industry is an ever-evolving field, with new developments occurring on a regular basis. One well recognized concept is that the dietary needs of athletic individuals are quite different from their average inactive counterparts, and these needs may vary greatly. Therefore, athletic individuals may opt to consume nutritional supplements in order to help compensate any possible shortcomings of a difficult diet regimen, as well as attempt to get a possible advantage over the competition.
One of the biggest rages in today’s sports supplement industry is the pre-workout (PWO) formula. Too many companies haphazardly throw everything together into these supposed magical concoctions, with no regard to science or safety.
Many companies have also tried using questionable substances such as 1,3 DMAA in their pre-workout formulas. This substance may give users energy and a drug-like high, but the FDA has now classified it as an unapproved drug and banned its use in dietary supplements. In fact, even the U.S. military has now banned the use of such products by its personnel.
The following three ingredients are at the top in the industry, and have consistently been shown to work, are safe, and have stood the test of time. In addition to the proof they offer in the gym, they also have the scientific research to back them up.
#1. Citrulline Malate
Citrulline Malate has developed some well-deserved attention over the last few years.
When exercise intensity increases, a greater amount of lactic acid is produced in the muscles. This can directly inhibit the contraction of muscle fibers and cause muscle failure. When Citrulline Malate is consumed, it may increase the reuptake of lactate and increase ATP resynthesis. This is definitely a good thing. The more of the lactate that is re-circulated, the greater the amount of ATP that can be produced which is what allows muscles to contract. ATP production during exercise increased by 34%, and Phosphate Creatine resynthesis after exercise increased by 20% after the consumption of Citrulline Malate. As a result, exercise intensity and duration can be increased.
In addition, Citrulline may increase bicarbonate reabsorption in the kidneys. This will allow the body better efficiency in buffering that lactic acid in the blood stream.
There is also some evidence that Citrulline Malate may assist in the utilization of a number of other compounds that are frequently used in enhancing performance. Compounds such as arginine, isoleucine, insulin and the growth hormone are all significantly affected after taking in Citrulline Malate.
Finally, the use of Citrulline Malate might be useful to increase athletic performance in high-intensity anaerobic exercises with short rest times, as well as relieve post exercise muscle soreness. This may be beneficial to athletes who are undergoing intensive preparation involving a high level of training or competitive events.
#2. Creatine Monohydrate
What else can be said about this amazing compound?
In the last twenty-plus years, Creatine has become one of the most popular sport supplements in history. It has also become one of the most studied supplements as well. There is an incredible amount of research on the use and benefits of Creatine for athletes, as well as other possible non-sport therapeutic benefits, such as treating neurological disorders. Is there really a reason to discuss all of these details once again in this article? Maybe not, but, there has been some recent debate on which type of Creatine functions the best, and that is what needs to be covered here.
Over the last few years, several types of Creatine have hit the market, each touting its superiority over Creatine Monohydrate. Absorption, bioavailability, and safety are just a few characteristics that are being hyped as above and beyond Creatine Monohydrate. However, Creatine Monohydrate has been the most extensively studied out of all of the forms of Creatine, and it shows the most advantages.
Studies indicate that Creatine Monohydrate is not degraded during normal digestion and that nearly 99% of orally ingested Creatine Monohydrate is either taken up by muscle or excreted in urine. No medical side effects have ever been reported in the research. However, there is little to no evidence that any of the newer forms of Creatine are any more effective or safer than Creatine Monohydrate, whether ingested alone or in combination with other supplements. In fact, Creatine Ethel Ester may actually degrade into creatinine more rapidly than any other form, and may interfere with actual muscle contraction.
In addition, industry regulation for Creatine Monohydrate regarding safety and effectiveness is the most thorough when compared to other forms. And, out of all of the types and forms, Creatine Monohydrate is the least expensive.
What does this all mean? You get the most bang for your buck from Creatine monohydrate.
#3. Beta Alanine
It has been discussed for the past several years that β-alanine supplementation may delay the onset of neuromuscular fatigue. But exactly what does that mean and how can it benefit an athlete? Let’s take a look.
Several research studies in recent years have focused on the ability of β-alanine to increase skeletal muscle levels of carnosine, and therefore its effect on the buffering lactic acid.
With β-alanine supplementation, carnosine can increase, and allow better buffering of lactic acid during high intensity exercise. As a result, β-alanine supplementation may also delay the onset of skeletal muscle exhaustion during exercise.
As little as 2-4 weeks of supplementing with β-alanine may significantly increase these carnosine levels. And this carnosine increase was evident in both type I and type II fibers. On average, the increases in muscle carnosine were as high as 80%. This, of course, showed an increase in buffering lactic acid.
So, in the end, what does this all mean?
Look for a Pre-Workout formula like Xyience’s NOX-CG3 XTREME. Xyience took several of these proven ingredients and constructed an amazing new formula to really provide the necessary endurance to get through even the most grueling training regimens. The formula includes clinically effective dosages of Citrulline Malate, Creatine Monohydrate and Carnosyn® Beta Alanine. In fact, 2 scoops give you 3 grams of Citrulline Malate, 5 grams of Creatine and 2 grams of Carnosyn® Beta Alanine. How does your current Pre-Workout compare? With all of its ingredients based in solid science and research, NOX-CG3 XTREME blows away the competition.
Overall, even the most specialized experts in the industry would consider NOX-CG3 EXTREME cutting edge. But what Xyience did was construct a fantastic pre-workout product from the tried and true. They didn’t go with the shadowy snake-oil salesman questionable ingredients. They built an amazing product that is designed to give users amazing results.
Time to Dominate.